Finite mixture of Burr type XII for bus travel time in Klang Valley


  • Wooi-Chen Khoo Sunway University



Bus travel time analysis is significant to provide useful information to the users for proper journey planning. This study investigated the bus travel time in Klang Valley, Malaysia, which includes the centered city Kuala Lumpur and the state of Selangor. Two bus routes T786 and 851 which cover suburban and urban region have been studied. The data is collected day-to-day. For each link, it is filtered according to morning peak and evening peak, and the travel time is found dual modes, which is well accommodated by the mixture of Burr distribution. The analysis results show that the two-component finite mixture of Burr distribution is viable solution to explain the link travel time. The aim is two-fold. First, the bus travel time data is fitted by the mixture of Burr distribution, subsequently the computation of reliability metrics is carried out. A skew-width method with median based buffer index is considered to measure the reliability. The buffer index of 851 which covers urban region is found relatively high compared to T786. The links which connected by the signalized intersections and junctions tend to show low reliability. For suburban route of T786, the low reliability may be due to the last station. It is found that an additional of 5 minutes waiting time is necessary.





Special Issue 2021: Management innovation